STOP is a distress tolerance skill from dialectical behavior therapy we can use whenever we’re feeling overwhelmed by stress and anxiety or distressing emotions.
Often we allow our stress and anxiety and emotions to build and build all day without doing anything to calm them, trying to just ignore them and hoping they’ll go away. Then, when we finally can’t take it anymore and start feeling overwhelmed and desperate, things have often accumulated too much and begun to spiral downwards and it can be so hard to get any relief.
In CBT/cognitive therapy, we recgonize that, in addition to your environment, there are generally four components that act together to create and maintain anxiety: the physiological, the cognitive, the behavioural, and the emotional. These are described below.
In CBT, core beliefs are our deeply held beliefs about ourselves, the world and how it works, and other people. Learn about core beliefs, and rules and assumptions in CBT, and how to use the downward arrow technique and other methods to identify your core beliefs, rules and assumptions with the Core Beliefs Worksheet PDF file or Core Beliefs Worksheet Word file.
Core Belief, Rules and Assumptions in CBT
In the CBT/cognitive therapy model, we recognize that we are each affected by the environment in which we live. This environment involves both our current situations (family, friends, job, culture, various stressor and supports, etc.), as well as our past (our family history, past relationships, previous successes and failures, etc.).
Within our environment, there are four elements of ourselves that interact with each other:
- Cognitive: thoughts, cognitions, beliefs, self-talk